Waltham Common

 

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WALTHAM COMMON LOCK

 

 

Lock State Date Length Length - Working Distance Width Fall Removed or bypassed
Walton's Weir (on Old River Lea) Extant 1741 ~ ~   8' 3''  
Sir W Wake's Weir (on Old River Lea) Built  1590 ~ ~   4' 0''  
               
Waltham Common Lock Built 1768     13' 4'' 4' 10'' 1922
Waltham Common Lock Report 1917     13' 4''    
Waltham Common Lock Rebuilt 1922 90' 0'' 87' 0'' 16' 0'' 4' 10''
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 Waltham Common Lock was the original name from the first survey in 1792 until 1829 (except for a couple of years as Catlins Lock in 1826 and 1827).  It then became Cheshunt Common Lock until 1868, when it reverted to Waltham Common.  

 

On 21.6.1825, it was recorded that “The Surveyor do prepare a House to be erected in Cheshunt Marsh Lock on Wheels”  (NA Rail 845/9)

 

A look under the western end of the bridge over the tail will reveal an iron bar – one of the relics of the horse drawn boat era.  This was used to transfer the towing rope under the bridge by means of a chain-operated sliding hook on which the rope was placed.

 

The new house was actually authorised on 26.10.1877, “ to be built here on the site of the old one.” (NA Rail 845/21) but on 20.4.1883, the old lock house was insured for £100 (NA Rail 845/23)

 

On 7.9.1894, William Pollitt's tender of £290 to build the lock house was accepted. (NA Rail 845/27). The new house was finally built by 1895,  although the plaque on the house shows 1892. .  The plans were also later used to build the new house at Stanstead Lock

 

 

LMA ACC 2423/P044

 

 

 

 

Daniel Ward, Lock keeper at

 Waltham Common Lock from

1896-1905

 

Gill Bellord

 

 

 

 

 

 

Waltham Common Lock c1920

 

In 1922, the lock was rebuilt to the 16' standard.  The site plan is below.

LMA ACC 2423/P1892

 

The Waltham Cut and the Powdermill Cut

Having finished his work on the cut from King’s Weir (and the Homerton Cut further south), the Trustees contracted Jeremiah Illsley on 11th February 1769 to build the “Cutts or Canals intended to be made from Waltham to Enfield Mill Tail Stream and as much of the intended widening of Enfield Mill Stream as can be dugg by the yard and make the banks thereof round and hansome and finish the same…..for the same price of threepence a yard” (NA Rail  845/4)

The building of the Powdermill Stream and Edmonsey Lock connecting to the Royal Gunpowder Mills was authorised with the following entry in the Minutes:

3.7.1805 “At this meeting Application is made from Government for permission to make a Cut from the Powder Mills at Waltham Abbey into the Navigation below Waltham Common Lock….It is resolved that Permission be granted subject to the following Terms and Conditions, vizt That the Earth to be taken thereout be carried away or so spread that flood waters be not interrupted thereby.  That a double pair of Stop Gates  be made to communicate with the Navigation so as to prevent fflood Waters flowing into the Navigation and the Water therein from being drawn or flowing out of the same.” (NA Rail 845/8)

Waltham Common Lock

Census/Date

Name

Title

Wife

Location given by enumerator/Comments

Source Reference

19.5.1958 Chas E White Labourer Appointed (with lock-keeping duties, resident at house) at £7.14.11 (Moved to Dobbs Weir Lock) LCB Records
2.8.1950 E A Robertson Lock keeper Increase to £4.18.6.   NJIC Award LCB Records
9.6.1948 E A Robertson Lock keeper Increase to £4.15.0 LCB Records
13.11.1946 E A Robertson Lock keeper Increase to £4.3.0 LCB Records

28.4.1942

Edwin Abbot Robertson (45)

Lock keeper

Appointed at  £2.14.0 to be reduced to £2.5.0 when he takes up residence at the lock. 

 

NA Rail 845/126

Robertson was previously employed from 30.1.1933 as a labourer at 9/5d per day, then demoted to a watchman at 7/4d per day on 6.3.1939 after medical problems before enlisting in the Auxiliary Military Pioneer Corps on 28.10.1939, without the consent of the Board. No record of his return date. LCB Records

6.3.1942

W Payne

Lock keeper

Died 27.2.1942 after 30 years service

NA Rail 845/126

4.4.1941

W Payne

Lock keeper

Sick since 9.11.1940. Granted full sick pay for 6 months then half sick pay until his return or 28.5.1941 whichever is earlier

NA Rail 845/125

1.4.1938

W Payne

Lock keeper

£1.8.0 to £1.10.0

NA Rail 845/122

1.4.1936

W Payne

Lock keeper

£1.7s to £1.8s

NA Rail 845/120

13.4.1923

W Payne

Lock keeper

Horse keeper, appointed

NA Rail 845/107

A minute of 5.1.1923 recorded that “the  illness of Horse-keeper W Payne…he was now out of hospital; that he had not had an artificial leg fitted; that he was very anxious to return to work as soon as possible; …recommended that his allowance of 12/9 a week be continued” NA Rail 845/107

13.4.1923

F Eve (74)

Lock keeper

Resignation due to failing eyesight. Pension of 8/- per week

Died 11.3.1938

NA Rail 845/107

 

NA Rail 845/122

14.11.1919

F Eve

Lock keeper

27/- + house, garden, and uniform

NA Rail 845/46

15.2.1918

F Eve

Lock keeper

22/- per week

NA Rail 845/66

1.12.1916

F Eve

Lock keeper

£2 war bonus

NA Rail 845/43

4.3.1915

F Eve

Lock keeper

+2/- per week

NA Rail 845/42

28.2.1913

F Eve

Lock keeper

Wages increased by 1/- per week

NA Rail 845/40

2.4.1911 Frederick Ear (sic) (62) Lock keeper Widower Waltham Common Lock, Cheshunt RG14PN7456 RG78PN360 RD132 SD8 ED6 SN233

15.12.1905

Frederick Eve (48)

Lock keeper

Appointed - Married, no family. Worked for 10 years for A.H. & D. Taylor, Sawbridgeworth

NA Rail 845/32

20.10.1905

Daniel Ward

 

Transferred to Waltham Town

Assumed

31.3.1901

Daniel Ward (58)

Lock keeper

Mary Ann

Waltham Common Lock house

Cheshunt/4/16

26.6.1896

D Ward

Lock keeper

Appointed at Survey.

"A man...who has been for many years water warden at the powder works and most thoroughly understands the duties - he bears a most excellent character" (J Child)

NA Rail 845/28

LMA ACC 2423/005

24.6.1896

W B Nicoll

Lock keeper

Resigned

after 10 months service

NA Rail 845/28

LMA ACC 2423/005

2.6.1893

Jonathan Wood

Lock keeper

Leaving with pension of 5/- per week for 2 years on condition of good conduct

NA Rail 845/27

19.5.1893

Jonathan Wood

Lock keeper

Given a month’s notice to leave

NA Rail 845/27

"Wood in now too old and infirm (being nearly blind) to discharge the duties and he has for the past year employed a man to assist him who is constantly quarrelling or getting into disputes with the bargemen.....it is time we had an alteration of the unsatisfactory state at this lock..  The man employed by Wood says if you appoint him he will allow Wood 5/- a week but he is not a desirable lock keeper." (J Child) LMA ACC 2423/004

5.4.1891

Jonathan Wood (69)

Lock keeper

Emily

Cheshunt Marsh Lock House

Cheshunt/6/11

29.6.1887  Wood appealed to return to full wages.  Resolved, when  he has paid £1 the fine be stopped. ( NA Rail 845/24)

4.2.1887

Jonathan Wood

Lock keeper

# see below

NA Rail 845/24

# Reprimanded for neglect in leaving a slacker running all night, without attention, causing the sinking of Ansell Brace’s barge

20.4.1883

J Wood

Lock keeper

Service  5 years.  16/- per week

NA Rail 845/23

6.5.1881

Jonathan Wood

 Lock keeper

Appointed ex Aqueduct Lock (scarcely up to the work of that lock -  J Child)

NA Rail 845/22

LMA ACC 2423/001

6.5.1881

George Newman

Lock keeper

Resigned having obtained another situation ( J Child)

NA Rail 845/22

LMA ACC 2423/001

4.4.1881

George B Newman (50)

Lock keeper

Mary Ann

Cheshunt Marsh Lock House

Cheshunt/6/16

2.4.1871

Joseph Wright (60)

Lock keeper

Lucy

Lock House

(Joseph died 27.2.1880. Funeral expenses paid and pension of  10/- per week to widow ) NA Rail 845/22

Cheshunt/6/26

8.4.1861

Joseph Wright (50)

Lock keeper

Lucy

Lock House

Cheshunt/5/30

17.11.1855

Joseph Wright

Lock keeper

16/- per week

NA Rail 845/14

21.10.1854

Joseph Wright

Lock keeper

16/- per week

NA Rail 845/14

30.3.1851

Joseph Wright (38)

Lock keeper

Lucy

 

Mx/Cheshunt/1b/36

7.6.1841

Joseph Wright (25)

Lock man

Lucy

Lock House River Lea

He/Cheshunt/2/7

16.6.1840

Joseph Wright

Lock keeper

Transferred from Limehouse

NA Rail 845/12

21.3.1837

William Johnson

Lock keeper

Transferred from Hackney Brick

NA Rail 845/11

21.3.1837

Edward Waller

Lock keeper

Dismissed

NA Rail 845/11

16.12.1828

Edward Waller

Lock keeper

In place of Wm Catlin

NA Rail 845/10

16.2.1828

Wm Catlin

Lock keeper

Replaced by Edward Waller

NA Rail 845/10

18.1.1821

John Clark

Lock keeper

Desirious of resigning his office on being allowed something for his support

NA Rail 845/9

 

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This site was last updated 06-May-2014