Lea Br, Pond Lane

 

     
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LEA BRIDGE HALF LOCK and LOCK and POND LANE

 

 

Lock State Date Length Length - Working Distance Width Fall Removed or bypassed
Hackney Waterworks Pound Lock  (Tidal) Built 1761          
Lea Bridge Lock Built 1769         1853
Pond Lane Lock Rebuilt 1865         1872
Pond Lane Flood Gates Re-use 1872     21' 0'' ~ 1931
Pond Lane* (Brick and timber) Report 1917     21' 6''    
Pond Lane Flood Gates Guillotine Built 1931 ~ ~   ~
 

* Not used except for water drawing

 

Below Tottenham Lock the courses of the the Old Barge River and the Lee Navigation almost coincide until Lea Bridge is reached where they part company again at the weir.  This was originally the site of the Hackney Waterworks and its Tidal Pound Lock (built as the Lea’s third pound lock by 1762).

 

11.12.1762 "to appoint a proper person to open and shut the Lock or Cistern and fflodgate standing on the River near Hackney" (NA Rail 845/2)

 

At a meeting on 13th January 1768, the Trustees approved that Jeremiah Illsley of Hackney, Brickmaker,  should dig “a navigable Cut from the River Lee near Hackney Waterworks into the same river near Old Ford” for “threepence a yard” (NA Rail  845/4)

 

 

 The old course heads out to the east and then turns south-east and south to rejoin the Navigation below Old Ford Lock. The Hackney or Homerton Cut was built in 1769 to bypass this wandering route.  Just below the junction was the Lea Bridge Half Lock.

 

9.10.1772 “A lock house be built at Lee Bridge for £49”  (NA Rail 845/4)

 

On 12.1.1780 it was “Resolved that the following Locks be repaired with all convenient speed Viz. … Lee Bridge Half Lock, Hackney Marsh Brick Cistern Lock And It Is Ordered that the Surveyor do repair the same as he shall find them absolutely necessary” (NA Rail 845/5).

 

20.11.1793 “A Lock with double gates be put down at Lee Bridge instead of the single pair of Gates now there.”( NA Rail 845/7)

 

In 1850 the lock was taken out of use and removed.

 

View from Pond Lane towards Lea Bridge Road. The weir lies to the right behind the trees.  The lock would have been in the foreground. 

 

20.4.1894.  “at the North London Police Court on the 14th Instant, James Kits, of Bromley was fined ten shillings and two shillings costs, for navigating a steam launch at Lee Bridge beyond the rate of speed prescribed by the Bye Laws”  (NA Rail 845/27)

 

28.6.1895.  “at the North London Police Court on the 20th instant before Mr Paul Taylor, C Judd of  Lee Bridge was fined 20/- and 2/- costs, for navigating the “Clapton Belle” steam launch at a greater speed than that prescribed by the Bye Laws”  (NA Rail 845/28)

 

A plan dated shortly before August 1857 shows  Lea Bridge Lock and Pond Lane Lock which was built at Cow Bridge.

 

 

     LMA ACC 2423/P/457

 

 

 

 

             LMA ACC 2423/P1435 dated 16th July 1863

 

Nathaniel Beardmore's plan (in NA 845/15) that "the new gates shall be capable of holding up the entire Old Ford pond of water" and "to take pressure from both sides" to protect the Old Ford to Ducketts traffic from low water caused by the drawing of water at Lea Bridge" seems not to have been approved. When the extra gates were fitted  between September and December 1863, they faced upstream and would not have prevented a back flow.  Work was slightly delayed by the late arrival of the Granite coping and anchor stones from Cornwall.(NA Rail 845/15)

 

The lock was redundant by 1872 when it was "all thrown into one level from Tottenham to Old Ford". 

 

However the structure was retained as a flood relief measure and only removed when Pond Lane Flood Gates were built further upstream.

 

The building of the house at Pond Lane was authorised on 15.8.1863  (at the same time as the extra gates above) and on 20.4.1883, the house was insured for £150 (NA Rail 845/23) and on 16.10.1885 Mr J Child, the Engineer, reported that "new windows had been fixed in place of the old ones which were smashed during the time between one lockman leaving and the new one coming in..."  (LMA ACC 2423/002)

 

14.6.1907 Comment from Annual Survey  “Cottage in bad state by reason of dust, etc., from Hackney Borough Council Destructor Works”  ( NA Rail 845/34)

 

 

This plan, dated 31.10.1928 records the removal of Pond Lane Lock.  Old Ford is to the right of the plan

 

LMA ACC 2423/P2088

 

 

 In 1930, the lock house was re-occupied by Board employees, when the Weir keeper at Lea Bridge took up residence there.

 

The Conservancy House at "Strongs Cottage" was located at the western end of Strong's Bridge

 

Pond Lane Flood Gates

 

Pond Lane Flood Gates were built in the late 1920's to stop (among other things) the flooding of Hackney Marshes. They were sited just downstream of Strongs Bridge (which was removed when the gates were built) as can be seen from the plan below, although the river was not widened to the extent shown by the red line marked "Temporary piling" but to the faint black line indicated by the arrow

LMA ACC 2423/P2009

The flood gates at Pond Lane, viewed from the upstream side

 

 

18.1.1924: "This weir (Lea Bridge) is worked by Constable Fordham who resides in our cottage at the site of old Brick Lock, Homerton, and his services are mostly taken up with this duty, and as we are in need of another Police Constable to extend the Police patrols as far as Tottenham, I suggest we build a cottage on the site of Strong's cottage near the weir"  Handwritten note "Agreed in principle"  (LMA ACC 2423/021)

 

16.1.1926:  It will be remembered that I reported upon the question of building a cottage on our vacant ground at Strong's cottage on January 18th, March 28th, April 11th and June 20th 1924. In my opinion it is quite necessary... (LMA ACC 2423/023)

 

 

There are separate census returns and Conservancy records for Pond Lane Lock.  Pond Lane entries are included below but indicated.

Lea Bridge Half Lock, Lea Bridge Lock, Pond Lane Lock and Lea Bridge Weir

Census

Name

Title

Wife

Location given by enumerator/Comments

Census Reference

9.6.1948 R Wheeler Weir keeper Increase to £5.9.0. Last recorded r.o.p £8.7.11 plus 5/- On call allowance n.d. LCB Records

4.2.1944

R Wheeler

Weir keeper

Earning £4.8.0 per week gross. Appealing against deduction of 25/- per week for house rental. Rental reduced to £1 per week

NA Rail 845/126

6.2.1942

R Wheeler

Weir keeper

Appointed ex Aqueduct Lock at £3 and house and uniform

NA Rail 845/126

6.2.1942

T Redwood

Weir keeper

Transferred to Constable

(died 18.3.1945)

NA Rail 845/126

(NA Rail 845/126)

1.4.1938

T Redwood

Weir Keeper

£2.12.0 to £2.16.0

NA Rail 845/122

1.4.1937

T Redwood

Weir keeper

£2.10s to £2.12s (inc house and garden)

NA Rail 845/121

29.5.1931

Tom Redwood

Weir keeper

Letter appreciating his action in trying to rescue a boy who had drowned in the Lee just below Lee Bridge and in recovering the body

NA Rail 845/115

31.10.1930

Tom Redwood

Weir keeper

 

NA Rail 845/114

23.9.1904    "I have seen Mrs Sagrott - she tells me she has no money, and is in no way provided for.  Her son, who is working for us, has promised to assist her by paying rent for a single room, but from what I gather, none of her family is in a position to support her.  She is 78 years of age and I am afraid not able to do much work."  Awarded 7/- per week pension (she died aged 86 - 12.4.1912 ( LMA/ACC 2423/012) LMA ACC 2423/008

(NA Rail 845/39)

9.9.1904

R (Larry) Sagrott

Lock keeper, (Pond Lane)

Deceased.  Formerly head dredgerman.  (see below).

 

NA Rail 845/31

 

 

 

9.9.1904 "I have to report the death of Richard Sagrott (alias "Larry") who died on the 4th inst at the age of 81 years.  About 16 years ago, when he was too old for hard work, he was appointed lock-keeper at this lock, his duty being principally to regulate the water levels at Lee Bridge Weir, the lock gates only being used as a lock during excessive floods. He leaves a widow aged 79 years, two sons and three daughters, all married, one son works for us....I propose to put our Lee Bridge Constable, Fordham, into the cottage when Mrs Sagrott leaves. LMA ACC 2423/008
9.7.1897  Hearnden the Constable at Lea Bridge has sent in his resignation....we are now paying Sagrott at Pond Lane 15/- per week and house to attend to Lee Bridge Weir.... As Sagrott is  past work perhaps it wouild well to appoint one good active man to do the whole duty - and give Sagrott a small pension. LMA ACC 2423/006

31.3.1901

 

 

 

Lock House occupied by a dairyman

Mx/Hackney/Nth Hackney/2/29

1888 R Sagrott Lock keeper (Pond Lane) Appointed  
3.3.1888 W H Billingsley Lock keeper Discharged NA Rail 845/25

19.2.1886

William Henry Billingsby

 Lock keeper (Pond Lane)

 Appointed at 16/- per week

NA Rail 845/24

6.7.1883

Dobbin

Lock keeper (Pond Lane)

Appointed at survey

NA Rail 845/23

20.4.1883

Dobbins

Lock keeper (Pond Lane)

18/- per week

NA Rail 845/23

23.6.1880

McNamara

Lock keeper (Pond Lane)

Appointed at survey

NA Rail 845/22

24.10.1879

James Timson

Lock keeper (Pond Lane)

Drowned while walking into the river on a foggy night whilst on his way to do a duty at Old Ford.  £10 paid to widow

NA Rail 845/22

7.7.1876

James Timson

Lock keeper (Pond Lane)

Appointed at 18/- per week

NA Rail 845/20

28.4.1876

William Ralph

Lock keeper (Pond Lane)

Transferred from Stonebridge Lock

NA Rail 845/20

7.4.1876

Benjamin Clark

Lock keeper (Pond Lane)

Dismissed after conviction for stealing coals from a barge

NA Rail 845/20

 

Benjamin Clark

Lock keeper (Pond Lane)

Transferred from Waltham Lock (Date n.k.)

 

10.12.1875

William Cadmore

Lock keeper (Pond Lane)

To be removed

NA Rail 845/20

31.1.1873

William Cadmore

Lock keeper (Pond Lane)

Appeal allowed for resumption of wages at 16/-

NA Rail 845/19

1.11.1872

William Cadmore

Lock keeper (Pond Lane)

Wages reduced from 16/- to 14/- per week for sinking a barge

NA Rail 845/19

1.7.1870

William Cadmore

Lock keeper (Pond Lane)

*see below

NA Rail 845/17

* reprimanded for retaining coal sacks which he should have returned and for buying coal from the bargemen on the river

16.2.1862

Thomas Cadmore

Former keeper

Died – widow requested pension 6/- per week

NA Rail 845/15

18.11.1861

Frederick Drummond

Collector (Pond Lane)

Appointed

NA Rail 845/15

18.11.1861

Henry Farrow

Collector  (Pond Lane)

Death reported

NA Rail 845/15

8.4.1861

 

 

 

Old Lock Cottage occupied by a farrier

Mx/Hackney/Hackney/15/14

17.10.1857

Thomas Cadmore

Lock keeper

Services no longer required. "That he be placed on the Superannuation List to receive ten shillings per week and to pay two shilling a week as long as he remains"

NA Rail 845/14

15.12.1856 Henry Farrow Collector (at Homerton) To move to the new house at Old Ford Locks NA Rail 845/14

17.11.1855

 

Thomas Cadmore

Lock keeper

16/- per week

NA Rail 845/14

 

21.10.1854 Thomas Cadmore Lock keeper 16/- per week NA Rail 845/14
21.10.1854 Henry Farrow Collector £1. 10. 0 per week NA Rail 845/14

5.7.1854

Henry Farrow

Lock keeper, (Pond Lane)

“Wages be increased 2/- per week,  such increase to date from when his allowance for coal and oil was stopped”

NA Rail 845/14

30.3.1851

Henry Farrow (32)

Tonnage Collector (Pond Lane)

Susan

Tonnage House

Mx/Hackney/Hackney/15/24

30.3.1851

Thomas Cadmore (59)

Lock keeper

Sally

Lea Bridge Lock

Mx/Hackney/Hackney/15/23

21.3.1848 Thomas Cadmore Lock keeper Wages reduced by 2/- per week NA Rail 845/13

7.6.1841

Henry Farrow (25)

Tonnage Collector (Pond Lane)

Susan

Tonnage House

Mx/St John Hackney/Hackney/20/8

7.6.1841

Thomas Cadmore (50)

Lock keeper

Sally

Lock House Lea Bridge

Mx/St John Hackney/Hackney/20/8

18.9.1832

William Johnson

Lock keeper

In place of T Smith

NA Rail 845/11

21.8.1832

Thomas Smith

Lock keeper

Deceased

NA Rail 845/11

2.7.1825

Thomas Barker

Lock keeper

Transferred to Bromley

Lock

NA Rail 845/9

17.7.1823

Thomas Baker

Lock keeper

Appointed in room of John Baker

NA Rail 845/9

26.6.1823

John Baker

Collector

Appointed

NA Rail 845/9

20.2.1818

William Dalgliesh

Collector

Appointed

NA Rail 845/9

20.2.1818

John Cowie

Collector

Deceased

NA Rail 845/9

11.6.1800

John Cowie

Collector

Appointed

NA Rail 845/7

11.6.1800

Benjamin Cock

Collector

Resigned

NA Rail 845/7

2.11.1796

Benjamin Cock

Collector

Appointed

NA Rail 845/7

2.11.1796

Penfold Thruckstone

Collector

Deceased

NA Rail 845/7

9.2.1791

Penfold Thruckstone

Collector

Appointed

NA Rail 845/6

9.2.1791

Joseph Everett

Collector

Resigned

NA Rail 845/6

1.7.1782

 

 

The collector at Lea Bridge be discharged

NA Rail 845/6

7.5.1781

Alexander Doe

Collector

Appointed

NA Rail 845/5

6.3.1780 “Collector should have increased wages of  three shillings a week to enable them to give up the whole of their time to the Service of the Trust” ( NA Rail 845/5)

26.7.1779

Henry Hawes

 

£30 pa

NA Rail 845/5

18.12.1775

Henry Hawes

 

To look after Lee Bridge to Old Ford at £30 per year.  Agreed for the term of three years

NA Rail 845/5

14.1.1772

Henry Hawes

Collector

Baker of Hertford appointed to look after the Locks and Navigation through Hackney Marsh and be paid 2/-  per week

NA Rail 845/4 & 50

14.1.1772

William Crowley

Collector

Discharged

NA Rail 845/4

15.7.1767

William Crawley

Collector of Rates and Duties

Victualler of Hackney Appointed

NA Rail 845/50

 

 

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This site was last updated 22-Sep-2010