Bow Locks

 

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Landmylles Lock, noted but not mapped, was somewhere between Old Ford and Bow. See below under Bow Locks

 

BOW CREEK

 

    British Waterways

A journey on to the tidal Bow Creek can include a trip upstream past Prescott Cut and Sluice, (above right) built in the 1930’s flood relief scheme and named after Sir William Prescott, the then chairman of the Lee Conservancy Board The sluice was provided to retain the rising water so that the tide driven wheels at Three Mills could operate over a longer period. 

 

This is the site of the new Prescott Lock (above left), rendering the Waterworks River non-tidal and providing access for waterborne commercial construction traffic to the Olympic site. Possibly to save any  thoughts of mis-attribution in the future, the name  was changed to Three Mills Lock  shortly before the official opening on 5th June 2009.

 

 

A proposal to erect a lock or tide gate at the junction of the 3 Mills Back River and the Navigation, near the Three Mills Overshoot was turned down in 1898. (LMA ACC 2423/006)

 

 

 

The state of Stratford Back Rivers was the subject of a reply by Charles Tween sent on November 23rd 1905.  "Gentlemen, I am in receipt of your letter of the 21st inst., complaining as to the state of the Stratford Back Rivers.  I have to point out to you that the Stratford Back Streams are absolutely free from toll, and that the Lee Conservancy derive absolutely no benefit whatever therefrom, therefore it cannot be expected that the Board can spend money in making them properly navigable, and traders navigate them entirely at their own risk..  No doubt you will remember that in 1892, my Board proposed to make these streams properly navigable, and to charge a small toll for so doing.  To this the traders objected with the obvious results that they themselves have to bear the inconvenience and delay."  C M Tween (LMA/ACC 2423/009)

 

 

 

 

 

LMA ACC 2423/P1874 

 

At the end of Abbey Creek there is a channel under the Northern Outfall Sewer which used to lead to Abbey Lock Tide Gates and the Channelsea River, which is now culverted between this point and Stratford.

 

 

 LMA ACC 2423/P1877

 

    

 

 

 

BOW LOCKS

 

Lock State Date Length Length - Working Distance Width Fall Removed or bypassed
Bow Tide Gate Recorded 1307       Tidal  
Bow Pound Lock (Tidal) Built 1851 108'   20' 0'' Tidal 1900
Bow (West) (Tidal) Rebuilt 1900 93' 6'' 87' 0'' 20' 0'' Tidal  
Bow Lock (Tidal) (Brick and stone) Report 1917     20' 0'' Tidal  
Bow (East) (Tidal) Duplicated 1931 93' 6'' 87' 0'' 20' 0'' Tidal
 

 

(Notes below are courtesy of Dr Keith Fairclough)

There has been a tidal control lock on the site from at least the reign of Edward 1 (1272 -1307), when it was said that Henry de Bedyk, the prior of Halliwell, whose priory owned the Four Mills first erected it. There were early arguments over whether the lock should be allowed to stand, and in 1345 and 1362 juries presented that it should be pulled down. Whatever the short term effect of such disputes were, the lock actually remained. A description in 1416 shows that it was a simple dam with an 18' gap for barges to pass through which could be closed by the insertion of flashboards, and there were no disputes over its rights to exist at meetings of the commissioners appointed in 1551.

The owners of the Four Mills rebuilt Bow Lock in 1573. Since the City of London had a close interest in the Lea at this date, it became involved in the work. The Dutch surveyor who was preparing a scheme for a Limehouse canal at the City's request was ordered to inspect the rebuilding plans, and a committee was appointed to supervise the actual construction.

In 1588 Lord Burghley noted that 'The lock at ye Boo do open at the first begyning to flow They shut it at the highest of the flood'  This does suggest a lock with gates opened automatically by the tide. Such an interpretation could be confirmed by complaints in 1581 that at neap tides the height of the incoming tide below the lock was so low compared to the river above that barges could not pass without Bow Lock being opened, yet the lock-keeper, on the instructions of the millers at the Four Mills, refused to do this.

Yet by the end of the century there are references to Bow Lock having 'eight rooms' in it, which suggests a dam with removable boards. 

It is thus possible that a new type of lock had been built in 1573, but that it had decayed and been replaced with the more traditional type of lock by the end of the century. More evidence is necessary, and differing interpretations could be placed on the evidence available.

Evidence collected in 1713 shows that in the early 1660s Bow Lock was still a dam with removable. flashboards, and that John Burton 'had 40s a year + the house to look after the flashboards'.  Soon afterwards major changes were made to these arrangements by the miller at the Four Mills, Robert Cowden. The sill of Bow Lock was raised two or three feet, a pair of gates were erected, the river above the lock was narrowed from 40' to 18', and a lock above Bow Bridge (Landmylles) may have been removed. Bow Lock was no longer a dam with flashboards, the principle whereby the gates were open and shut by the force of current of the water had been introduced, and thereafter retained.

Such measures increased the depth of water behind the lock, to the obvious benefit of the Four Mills, but had conflicting effects on the navigation. The increased depth was beneficial, but the heightening of the sill and the absence of a lock above Bow Bridge must have been disadvantageous. Particular complaints emerge from evidence collected in 1712. One bargemen stated

he hath seen boats lay at the said lock for want of water 3 times in the space of 6 months the tides not being able to open Bow Lock it lay soe high and the back water lyeing soe heavy on the Gates that they keep out the Tyde

Other bargemen confirmed that this happened frequently at neap tides. Another bargeman stressed the problems of passing through the lock

Bow Lock is soe kept that if a barge be ever soe little above it at Ebb soe that he be not there Just as the Tyde Turns, the Tyde shutts the Gates and they are forced to lay there another Tyde although there is sometimes an hours Tide to good

In response to such complaints George Sorocold suggested that the sill should be laid lower so that the gates could open even at the lowest neap tide, but it was not until Bow Lock was rebuilt in 1721 that the sill was lowered, and then most probably not by as much as Sorocold had suggested. The City hired a surveyor to supervise this work, which was done by the owners of the Four Mills, and marks were made so that the same sill height could be maintained for the future.  

In 1766 John Smeaton once more recommended that the sill should be laid even lower, and the lock itself be rebuilt with two pair of gates. However no such powers were sought in 1767, and the principle of the lock's operation remained unchanged until replaced by a pair of pound locks during the 1850s.

Of the lock above Bow Bridge little is known. In 1551 a 'landmylles lock' stood along the river between Old Ford and Bow Bridge. In 1601 there were complaints about the 'continual lying open of the old lock above Bow Bridge' which suggests decay. During the 1660s it  was owned by a Mr Beast(or Best) who died in 'the sickness year', after which the lock either fell into ruin or was pulled down by Robert Cowden when he rebuilt Bow Lock. 

Apart from Mr Beast, the precise ownership of the lock has not been discovered. Historically it seems to have been the property of a tide mill known as 'landmylles' which had disappeared by the sixteenth or seventeenth century. Whatever, its effect by this date was to pen back water so that barges could pass down through Old Ford with less difficulty and more water could escape down the head streams of the tidal mills above Stratford Causey. Its removal after the 1660s may have caused some problems, and during the first decades of the eighteenth century,  proposals were made to rebuild this lock, but this never happened.  

(Notes above are courtesy of Dr Keith Fairclough)

The map below dates from before 1850 and shows the single tide gate (with the dash-dotted line passing through it)

LMA ACC 2423/P729

 

The plan below shows the tide gate with the first proposal for a lock.

 

LMA ACC 2423/P738

 

This plan, dated 1851, shows the new pound lock superimposed on the old tide gate.

 

LMA ACC 2423/P/444

 

In 1852 the old tide gate was replaced by a pound lock.  It seems that the work proceeded quite slowly and on 17.7.1852, Nathaniel Beardmore reported that "the great coffer dam for Bow Lock is complete but so little energy is shown that I would advise notice being sent to the contractors of the Board's requiring that proper diligence should now be shewn". Beardmore was authorised to supervise the works. (NA Rail 845/14). He reported on 16 10.1852 that "The great coffer dam is secure and nearly half the foundations of Bow Tidal Lock and western flood gate are complete.  The four timber cottages standing near the new lock have been removed. (NA Rail 845/14)

 

LMA ACC 2423/P275

 

 

The June 1880 Survey above shows the positions of the old collector's and lock keepers' houses, replaced in 1947

 

This lock was improved in 1900 and duplicated in 1931, when it was named Neild Lock after the late Sir Herbert Neild, who was the chairman of the Lee Conservancy Board.

 

 

 

Bow Locks in 1946, with the high tide making a level with the Lee and the lock gates open at both ends of both locks

Lee Conservancy

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The lock was further rebuilt in 2000, to exclude, finally, the highest tides which had plagued the Lower Lea/Lee for so long

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Pollution was a problem in certain parts of the Lee, particularly just below Tottenham and at Bow and Limehouse.  In July 1894, the survey noted “…on nearing Bow and reaching the Three Mills the river was found to be much polluted, being covered with human excrement, peas, currants, etc., indicative of the overflow from the Storm Water outfalls of the London County Council, this state of things continued up to the outfalls”

 

 

 

 

The state of the Collector's House at Bow gave rise for concern in 1900, when Mr J W Lawrence was promoted from Old Ford Lock to succeed his father as Collector at Bow. At a cost of £40 a new office was built as an extension and a chimney added to allow fireplaces in the office and the bedroom above.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

In 1903, an ornate octagonal lock keeper's lobby was proposed by Charles Tween, similar to those on the Birmingham Canal Navigations

 

A quotation to build it for £72.10.0 was provided  in 1913. but a plan also dated in 1913 showing a less attractive but obviously lower cost building which was the one finally approved by the Conservators

 

LMA ACC 2423/006                                                                                 

 

LMA ACC 2423/P1516

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

“Floods and Extraordinary High Tide, 7th January 1928

 

“On the early morning tide…. at about 1.30 am, the water rose about 8 feet 6inches above normal head at Limehouse, about 7 feet 8 inches at Bromley, and about 7 feet 7 inches at Old Ford.  Considerable damage was done to craft on the Navigation… Two laden barges sank in the Limehouse Cut….one stranded on the towing path….Two empty barges were stranded on the path above Three Mills and one loaded one on the wharf at Bow.  This latter was lying athwart the River entirely obstructing traffic until she was removed from the fairway at 2.30 am on Sunday, 8th instant.  Considerable damage was done to the surface of the towing paths and…coping stones. ….The flood tide also entered our Collector’s and Lock keeper’s houses at Bromley…..”

“Four claims for damages were received:

H J Hopkins, Constable at Bromley Locks                         £25.0.0

F L Field, Lock keeper at Bromley Locks                          £15.0.0

R D Griffiths, Lock keeper at Britannia Lock                       £5.2.6

C.N. Crace, Collector at Limehouse                                  £4.0.0

I think the first two claims very excessive.”

The claim for Crace was paid, Griffths reduced to £4.10s,  Field settled at £10 and Hopkins at £15  (NA Rail 845/112)

 

Stones recording the two highest tides in the 20th century, set into a wall at 3 Mills. The third date has completely eroded away

 

Another occasion when flood waters caused damage (although caused by heavy rainfall rather than an exceptionally high tide) was described by the Charles Tween in his Engineer's Report on 24th March 1916. It is possible to gain an impression of efficiency and good organisation from the tone of the report. 

"I regret to  state Mr R Waters' barge 'Amelia' got "under-laid" under the platform of the West side Tide gate at Bromley -by-Bow at about 2 p.,. (sic) on the 21st. inst, breaking the anchor strap from the bedstone causing the gate to be washed over the "pointings", turned end for end and was held up by the side of the brickwork to Bow Creek.

"The gates to the Limehouse Cut at Bromley Lock were at once closed which rendered the Cut safe.  I had the dam prepared in the Yard (at Enfield) and the steam barge loaded with the necessary materials and despatched to Tottenham the same night hoping to get to Bromley by morning, but the flood water would not admit of the barge proceeding below Tottenham, so I had the dam timbers loaded on to two of Messrs Iszard's vans and taken by road.

"The dam was put in place yesterday the 23rd, and all is now safe. We shall not be able to replace the gate until the flood waters subside as we cannot get the necessary tackle there.  The whole valley being in heavy flood, no delay has been caused to traffic by this accident as craft could not travel on this account. (LMA ACC 2423/15)

 

After the Second World War, working conditions for the men became far better with the Unions negotiating with employers.  The institution of the 48 hour working week created a need for extra men to be employed.  The Minute of 8th November, 1946 continues “Some of the men concerned had been working up to a 72 hour week, including mealtimes and in order to provide for the reduced number of working hours it was necessary to engage eight additional men. In view of the urgency of putting the arrangements into operation at short notice, seven men were engaged….one was found to be medically unfit but the other men have been appointed subject to three months probation at the minimum wage for the Board’s lock keepers in the London area, viz., £4.7s.0d per week, and will be provided with uniforms if they satisfactorily complete the probationary period.

 

“Two of the Board’s regular men at Bow Locks, W Parlour and H W Bevan, refused to accept the new shift programme and, in protest, returned home on the afternoon of Saturday, 2nd November, 1946, leaving their duties uncompleted, having previously informed the Collector in charge what they proposed to do.  They made no effort to put forward reasonable alternative arrangements, although it was pointed out to them that the arrangements already made were provisional and might be amended in the light of experience.  Both men were accordingly informed that by abandoning their duties they were regarded as having terminated their employment.  They had been reprimanded for similar behaviour on another occasion.

 

“To replace the three men above referred to the following have been appointed, on the same terms as the others …”  (See table below) 

 

There is still a discrepancy of one man, seven having been appointed for eight vacancies, plus the replacements for Parlour and Bevan, but there is no explanation offered.  The Minute continues “…Subject to there being no further changes of personnel there are now sufficient men to work the new scheme, the total wages cost of which will be approximately £1575 per annum”  (NA Rail 845/127).  Although all the new men are listed under Bow Locks, they would have been deployed around the London locks but there is no record of who went to which lock.

 

 

The proposal for the present layout at Bow Locks is detailed in this plan of 28.12.1946

 

         British Waterways

 

Bow Locks, Bow Tide Gates and Bromley Lock

 

Because of the proximity of Bow Locks and Bromley Locks (which are described on the Limehouse Cut page), it is impossible to separate the staff, so the employees for both Bow and Bromley are shown in the table below.

 

*All lock-keepers and collectors whose names appear in the records but whose location is uncertain are included in the list below.

 

Census/Date

Name

Title

Wife

Location given by enumerator/Comments

Source Reference

         
14.6.1951 A E Elliott Lock keeper Appointed at £5.8.6. (Left 10.8.1951) LCB Records
n.d. *A Stokes Lock keeper Appointed at £5.3.6 LCB Records
n.d. *P. Jones Lock keeper Appointed at £5.3.6 LCB Records
n.d. *J E Holland Lock keeper Appointed at £5.3.6 LCB Records
15.3.1951 F T Farrance Lock keeper Appointed at £5.3.6 LCB Records
n.d. *G F Parker Lock keeper Appointed at £5.3.6 LCB Records
n.d. *J C Powell Lock keeper Appointed at £5.3.6 LCB Records
n.d. *J W Edwards Lock keeper Appointed at £5.3.6 LCB Records
n.d. John Thomas Pulman Lock keeper Up to £5.3.6 LCB Records
n.d. H A Reyss Lock keeper Up to £5.3.6 LCB Records
n.d F C Wright Lock keeper Up to £5.3.6 LCB Records

8.9.1947

J E Hodson (48)

Lock keeper

Appointed at £4.15.0

NA Rail 845/128

11.8.1947

J Dowsett (27)

Lock keeper

Appointed at £4.15.0

NA Rail 845/128

14.3.1947

P Cole (46)

Asst Collector

7 years in service.  Earns £5.0.0.Appointed to Bow Locks as Asst Collector at £5.10.6

NA Rail 845/128

14.3.1947

H Brennan (43)

Collector

23 years in service. Earns £5.15.0Appointed Collector at £6.15.6 at Bow Locks

NA Rail 845/128

24.2.1947

J W Hancock

Lock keeper

Appointed at £4.15.0 per week with uniform. (Return to service after being called up in 1941)

NA Rail 845/127

31.1.1947 C J Parrott Lock keeper Transferred to Ware Weir LCB Records
30.11.1946 Sidney Barnard Lock keeper Transferred to South Mill Lock LCB Records

7.11.1946

*C P McCarthy (39)

Lock keeper

Appointed on probation £4.7.0 per week. (see note re working hours above)

Last recorded r.o.p £5.3.6 n.d.

NA Rail 845/127         

 

LCB Records

6.11.1946

*A Baker (28)

Lock keeper

Appointed on probation £4.7.0 per week. (see note re working hours above)

NA Rail 845/127

4.11.1946

*W G Whaley (26)

Lock keeper

Appointed on probation £4.7.0 per week. (see note re working hours above)

NA Rail 845/127

2.11.1946

W Parlour

Lock keeper

Dismissed (see note above)

NA Rail 845/127

2.11.1946

H W Bevan

Lock keeper

Dismissed (see note above)

NA Rail 845/127

30.10.1946

*W J Smith (22)

Lock keeper

Appointed on probation £4.7.0 per week. (see note re working hours above)

NA Rail 845/127

30.10.1946

*I W Brights (31)

Lock keeper

Appointed on probation £4.7.0 per week. (see note re working hours above)

NA Rail 845/127

30.10.1946

*J Dowset  (26)

Lock keeper

Appointed on probation £4.7.0 per week. (see note re working hours above)

NA Rail 845/127

30.10.1946

*C J Parrott (42)

Lock keeper

Appointed on probation £4.7.0 per week. (see note re working hours above)

NA Rail 845/127

29.10.1946

*T Somers (39)

Lock keeper

Appointed on probation £4.7.0 per week. (see note re working hours above)

NA Rail 845/127

29.10.1946

*J J Williams (29)

Lock keeper

Appointed on probation £4.7.0 per week. (see note re working hours above)

NA Rail 845/127

7.12.1945  A O Allwood still occupying the lock house “as he has been unable to find alternative accommodation”  Board now requires the house (NA Rail 845/127).  At County Court the judge gave order for possession in 28 days. Allwood vacated the premises on 8.4.1946 (NA Rail 845/127)

28.7.1945

Sidney Edward Barnard (54)

Relief Lock keeper

Appointed at £4.2.0 per week and uniform

NA Rail 845/127

1.11.1944

W Parlour

Lock keeper

Increase of 1/6 perweek

NA Rail 845/126

30.9.1944

A O Allwood

Lock keeper

Position terminated on grounds of permanent infirmity. Pension to be decided

NA Rail 845/126

7.1.1944

Allwood

Lock keeper

Off sick - (In service over 15 years)

NA Rail 845/126

Allwood now exceeding 4 weeks full pay and 4 weeks half pay- half pay extended to 31.1.1944 or his return to work.  4.2.1944 Further extended to 28.2.1944   (NA Rail 845/126)  

3.12.1943

W Parlour

Now Lock keeper

Applied for increase on basis his working hours are longer than capstan hands. Granted 2/6 a week

NA Rail 845/126

5.3.1943

Frederick C Wright (55)

Relief Lock keeper

Appointed at £3.15.0 per week and uniform

NA Rail 845/126

5.3.1943  Wright was previously employed in 1940. He left for a better-paid job as a horse-driver in a factory at Poplar.  This employment ceased and he applied for re-appointment. He was a satisfactory worker in the past. (NA Rail 845/126)

2.10.1942

G Sharp

Relief Lock keeper

Appointed ex Stonebridge Lock

NA Rail 845/126

22.10.1942

G Alexander

Relief Lock keeper

Transferred to Waltham Town

NA Rail 845/126

2.10.1942

G Alexander

Relief Lock keeper

Appointed ex Police constable (in Board’s service) at £3.15.0 per week

NA Rail 845/126

11.7..1941

J W Hancock (50)

Lock keeper

Resigned (for military service? Returned 24.2.1947)

Earning £4.1.0 and uniform

NA Rail 845/125

1.4.1941

J T Pulman

Lock keeper

£2.12.0 to £2.14.6

NA Rail 845/125

1.4.1941

H A Reyss

Lock keeper

£2.12.9 to £2.14.6

NA Rail 845/125

7.2.1941

William Parlour (33)

Capstan Hand

Appointed at £2.17.0 per week plus 5/- war bonus and uniform

NA Rail 845/125

7.2.1941

Charles Peter Morris (31)

Capstan Hand

Resigned to take up a post at Chatham Dockyard

NA Rail 845/125

3.11.1940

E J Lawrence (61)

Collector

His health is very poor  and he wishes to resign

NA Rail 845/124

3.11.1940

V L Brimley

Asst Collector

In view of the uncertainty of the position his appointment was terminated

NA Rail 845/124

V L Brimley “went sick on 8.9.1940…doctor states that it is inadvisable for him to return to a bombed area….he suffered from shell shock after the last war and …this illness is a return of his former trouble”  “He has moved out of London and made application to be given leave of absence for the duration of the war” (NA Rail 845/124).    

1.11.1940

A O Allwood

Lock keeper

Appointed at £3.16 per week (from other Board position? This is the first mention of him – see 7.1.44)

NA Rail 845/124

4.10.1940

Charles Peter Morris (31)

Temp Lock keeper

£2.12.0 and uniform

NA Rail 845/124

4.10.1940

Francis Lewis Field (61)

Lock keeper

Died 16.8.1940

1.11.1940 Mrs Field granted 10/- per week pension

NA Rail 845/124

12.1.1940

John Thomas Pulman (48)

Temp Relief Lock keeper

Appointed at £2.12.0 and uniform

NA Rail 845/124

1.12.1939

Philip Cole (39½)

Relief Lock keeper

Appointed at £2.12.0 and uniform

NA Rail 845/123

3.11.1939

J C Davis

Relief Lock keeper

Transferred to Water Bailiff

NA Rail 845/123

6.10.1939

Henry August Reyss (53)

Relief Lock keeper

£2.12.0 and uniform

NA Rail 845/123

6.10.1939

Leo Arthur Philip Wright (44)

Relief Lock keeper

£2.12.0 and uniform

NA Rail 845/123

6.10.1939

M H Parrott

Relief Lock keeper

Not suitable. To be discharged

NA Rail 845/122

19.5.1939

E D Stuckey

Relief Lock keeper

Transferred to Works staff

NA Rail 845/123

1.4.1939

M H Parrott

Relief Lock keeper

£2.12.0 to £2.13.0

NA Rail 845/123

1.4.1939

V Brimley

Asst Collector

To £3.10.0

NA Rail 845/123

29.3.1939

J C Davis

Relief Lock keeper

Appointed at £2.12.0.and uniform

NA Rail 845/123

7.10.1938

M H Parrott

Relief Lock keeper

Appointed at £2.12.0  and uniform

NA Rail 845/122

7.10.1938

C J Gypps

Relief Lock keeper

Transferred to Enfield

NA Rail 845/122

1.4.1938

J Allwood

Capstan Hand

£3.0.0 to £3.4.0

NA Rail 845/122

1.4.1938

W J Jarvis

Capstan Hand

£3.0.0 to £3.4.0

NA Rail 845/122

1.4.1938

C J Gypps

Relief Lock keeper

£2.15.0 to £2.19.0

NA Rail 845/122

1.4.1938

E.D.Stuckey

Relief Lock keeper

£2.15.0 to £2.19.0

NA Rail 845/122

1.4.1938

J W Hancock

Lock keeper

£3.7.0 to £3.11.0

NA Rail 845/122

1.4.1938

F L Field

Lock keeper

£2.19.0 to £3.3.0

NA Rail 845/122

1.4.1938

V L Brimley

Asst Collector

£3.5.0 to £3.7.6.

NA Rail 845/122

9.3.1938

C J Gypps (35)

Relief Lock keeper

£2.15.0 with uniform to fill vacancy of Weir

NA Rail 845/122

11.3.1938

R J Weir

Relief Lock keeper

Resigned

NA Rail 845/122

14.1.1938

Robert John Weir

Relief Lock keeper

Appointed at £2.15.0 with uniform

 

5.11.1937

Ernest Daniel Stuckey

Relief Lock keeper

Appointed at £2.15s with uniform. Location unknown

NA Rail 845/121

5.11.1937 L A Page Lock keeper Transferred to City Mills Lock LCB Records

1.4.1937

J W Hancock

Lock keeper

£3.5s to £3.7s

NA Rail 845/121

15.5.1936

E J Lawrence

Collector

Transferred to Enfield as Deputy Chief Collector

NA Rail 845/120

22.5.1936

Louis Augustus Page (38)

Relief Lock keeper

Ex Royal Marines appointed, £2.15.0 per week

NA Rail 845/120

1.4.1936

F L Field

Lock keeper

£2.17s to £2.19s

NA Rail 845/120

1.4.1936

E J Lawrence

Collector

£6 to £6.6s

NA Rail 845/120

1.4.1935

J W Hancock

Lock keeper

£3.3s to £3.5s per week

NA Rail 845/119

1.4.1935

F L Field

Lock keeper

£2.15s to £2.17s per week

NA Rail 845/119

1.4.1935

E J Lawrence

Collector

£5.10s to £6 per week

NA Rail 845/119

1.4.1934

E J Lawrence

Collector

+5/- per week

NA Rail 845/118

1.4.1933

J W Hancock

Lock keeper

+3/- per week

NA Rail 845/117

14.10.1932

J W Hancock

Lock keeper

Appointment

NA Rail 845/116

18.3.1931 Letter to the Board from Messrs Carless, Capel & Leonard; “Now that the Watermen’s Strike is over….. we should be particularly pleased if you would also convey to Mr Lawrence at Bow Lock our gratitude and our sincere appreciation of all the trouble he took to help us over our difficulties. We feel it was largely due to his efforts that we succeeded in frustrating the strikers’ attempts to stop our work”  (NA Rail 845/116)

1.4.1931

F L Field

Lock keeper

+ 1/- per week

NA Rail 845/115

25.7.1930

E J Lawrence

Collector

Appointed ex Old Ford at increase of 5/- per week

NA Rail 845/114

7.2.1930  C N Crace “was suffering from a heart attack…complete rest for a fortnight.  4.4.1930… a further 4 weeks rest….2.5.1930 3 months convalescence.  25.7.1930 Crace resigned.  Granted £3 per week pension  9.9.1930 Crace died. Grant of £6 to widow (NA Rail 845/114) and 10/- per week pension from date of death (NA Rail 845/115)

5.10.1928

F L Field

Lock keeper

£2 14s per week

NA Rail 845/112

5.10.1928

H W Hancock

Asst Lock keeper

£3 per week

NA Rail 845/112

1.4.1928

C N Crace

Collector

+5/- per week

NA Rail 845/112

27.1.1928

F L Field

Lock keeper

“Much of his furniture was damaged in the flood caused by the high tide” (See above)

NA Rail 845/112

6.5.1927

J W Hancock (36)

Asst Lock keeper

Ex Capstan hand  appointed at £2.18s and uniform

NA Rail 845/111

1.8.1925

C N Crace

Collector

Appointed from Limehouse

NA Rail 845/110

1.8.1925

J W Lawrence

Senior Collector

Promoted and transferred to Enfield

NA Rail 845/110

1.4.1925

J W Lawrence

Collector

Plus 5/- per week

NA Rail 845/109

23.7.1920

J W Lawrence

Collector

Plus 10/- per week

NA Rail 845/47

14.11.1919

J W Lawrence

Collector

80/- + house,  uniform and gas

NA Rail 845/46

14.11.1919

F L Field

Lock keeper

50/- + house and uniform

NA Rail 845/46

1.12.1916

J W Lawrence

Collector

£10 war bonus

NA Rail 845/43

1.12.1916

F L Field

Lock keeper

£3 war bonus

NA Rail 845/43

7.4.1916

F Field

Lock keeper

28/- to 30/- per week

NA Rail 845/43

24.3.1916 F Field Lock keeper "asks that his wages be increased from 28/-  to 30/- per week, the same rate of pay as the Constables receive" LMA ACC 2423/15

30.12.1915

J.W Lawrence

Collector

+5/- per week and War bonus £10

NA Rail 845/42

25.12.1915

F L Field

Lock keeper

War bonus £3

NA Rail 845/42

4.3.1915

J W Lawrence

Collector

+3/- per week

NA Rail 845/42

4.3.1915

F L Field

Lock keeper

+2/- per week

NA Rail 845/42

12.2.1915  F L Field letter to the Board “”this day I have received in answer to Census Papers which I received and filled in as being willing to serve my Country during the present crisis, a notice to attend the Recruiting Office…during the next seven days.  If medically fit I am leaving a wife and three children and would the…. Board treat my case the same as those already called up, viz., my situation open on return and wages allowance whilst serving.” 

“…he has the Board’s permission to go on military service”

“in future (no man) will be allowed to offer themselves for service without the Board’s permission having been first obtained”  (NA Rail 845/42)

20.6.1913

F Field

Lock keeper

Appointed ex Constable

NA Rail 845/40

20.6.1913

S Chappell

Lock keeper

Transferred to Tottenham

NA Rail 845/40

28.2.1913

J W Lawrence

Collector

Wages increased by 2/- per week

NA Rail 845/40

28.2.1913

S Chappell

Lock keeper

 Wages increased by 1/- per week

NA Rail 845/40

2.4.1911 Sidney Chappell,  (32) Lock keeper Mary     2 St Leonard Street RG14PN1684 RG78PN59 RD22 SD2 ED7 SN348
2.4.1911 Abraham Thickings (64)   Emma    3 Bromley Lock Cottages RG14PN1684 RG78PN59 RD22 SD2 ED7 SN349
2.4.1911 Jesse William Lawrence (39) District Superintendent of River Susanna Florence      4 Bromley Lock Cottages RG14PN1684 RG78PN59 RD22 SD2 ED7 SN350

1.4.1909

S Chappell

Lock keeper

Increase of 1/- per week

NA Rail 845/36

1.4.1909

J W Lawrence

Collector

Increase of 6d per week

NA Rail 845/36

16.10.1908 J W Lawrence "suffering with serious trouble with his legs which would necessitate  an operation" NA Rail 845/60

26.6.1908

S Chappell (30)

Lock keeper

Appointed at 22/- per week ex  Limehouse

NA Rail 845/35 LMA/ACC 2423/011

26.6.1908

William Lambert

Lock keeper

Resigned his situation, having taken a small business at Chiswick

NA Rail 845/35

13.1.1905  J W Lawrence paid £10 for the damage done by the high tides on 30.12.1904 (NA Rail 845/32)

13.1.1905  Lambert paid £2.10.0  for the damage done by the high tides on 30.12.1904 (NA Rail 845/32)

13.1.1905  Thickings paid £2.10.0 for the damage done by the high tides on 30.12.1904 (NA Rail 845/32)

12.7.1901   Reported last Meeting that the Summonses were not served, owing to false addresses having been given.  Now reported that Warrants were issued, and at the Thames Police Court F Cowley, was fined 15/- and 2/- costs, and Joe Chambers , alias “Joe Vince” sentenced to 21 days imprisonment  (NA Rail 845/30)

28.6.1901   Summonses not served owing to false names having been given (NA Rail 845/30)

14.6.1901  5 men assaulted William Lambert Lock keeper at Bow (NA Rail 845/30)

23.10.1903

William Walter Lambert

Lock keeper

Sworn in as a Canal Constable

NA Rail 845/31

23.10.1903

George Macpherson

Lock keeper

Sworn in as a Canal Constable

NA Rail 845/31

31.3.1901

William W Lambert (31)

Lock keeper

Emma J

2, Bromley Lock

Lo/Bromley/Bromley/9/5

31.3.1901

Abraham Thicking (53)

Lock keeper

Emma 

3, Bromley Lock

Lo/Bromley/Bromley/9/5

12.10.1900

Jesse William Lawrence (30)

Collector

Ex Old Ford, to succeed his father at 45/- per week this to include any services he may have to render to the Lee Traders Police or in connection with nuisances or pollutions to the River

NA Rail 845/29

9.11.1900

W Lambert

Lock keeper

Raised from £1 to £1.5.0. on being sworn in as a river constable

NA Rail 845/29

12.10.1900  Jesse Lawrence, having been 32 years in the service of the Lee Conservancy, be granted a retiring allowance of 30/- per week ….on condition that he does not reside within 5 miles of Bow Lock.  (Died 24.4.1912  (NA Rail 845/39))

26.11.1897

William Lambert (28)

Lock keeper

Appointed at 20/- per week with a cottage and uniform

NA Rail 845/28

25.11.1897  I have found a suitable man W Lambert, son of William Lambert of Ware to fill the vacancy The wages are £1 per week and house. I wouild suggest that he be put in uniform as he would then be distinguishable from the loafers around the lock and it would give him more authority. ((C Tween - LMA ACC 2423/006)

26.11.1897  Allowance of Ten Shillings per week made to Mrs McAlpine…and £5 towards funeral expenses. McAlpine had been in the service of the Board for 17 years  (NA Rail 845/28)

25.11.1897  "I regret to have to report the death of John McAlpine our Lock keeper st Bow Locks, which occurred at about 11.30 on Saturday night the 20th inst. during a dense fog.  He had finished locking for the night tide; and it is supposed was walking round to see all was right, when he fell in or walked into Bow Creek at the tail of the lock and was drowned - the body being recovered on Sunday morning.  He was an excellent swimmer, having a medal for saving life at sea. He has been employed by the Board as Lock keeper between 17 and 18 years and leaves a widow and 4 children aged 19, 18 (both daughters) and 9 & 7 (both boys)." - C Tween  LMA ACC 2423/006

20.11.1897

John McAlpine

Lock keeper

Drowned this day

NA Rail 845/28

24.2.1893 Symonds Lock keeper Transferred to Old Ford LMA ACC 2423/004
24.2.1893 John McAlpine Lock keeper Appointed from Limehouse LMA ACC 2423/004

8.4.1892   Jesse Lawrence. Bow Lock.  Collection of £750 pa . Also supervisor over the two collectors at Limehouse, where the collection is £3000 pa. Private sureties (NA Rail 845/26).

8.4.1892.  Collectors Jesse Lawrence (snr) and William Harris have bonds of £300 each (NA Rail 845/26)

5.4.1891

Samuel Symons (40)

Lock keeper

Emma

2, Bromley Lock

Lo/Bromley St Leonard/1/1

5.4.1891

John Calley (50)

Lea Conservancy Officer

Wdr

3, Bromley Lock

Lo/Bromley St Leonard/1/1

5.4.1891

Isaac Lawrence (45)

Water Bailiff

Emma

4, Bromley Lock

Lo/Bromley St Leonard/1/1

17.11.1888 J Lawrence Collector Appointed ex Limehouse to supervise the whole River from Limehouse to Old Ford LMA ACC 2423/003

17.11.1888

Charles Blain (44)

Collector and Water Bailiff

Died after few days illness. (24 years service) Widow Louisa receives 12/- per week. This ceased 28.2.1890 on her remarriage

NA Rail 845/25

LMA ACC 2423/003

20.4.1883

Simmonds

 Lock keeper

 1 years service. 20/- per week

NA Rail 845/23

20.4.1883

C Blain

Collector

 18 years service 30/- per week

NA Rail 845

6.5.1881

Simmonds

Lock keeper

Appointed ex “Trader’s Police Constables at Bow” "Well acquainted with the duties, a fair scholar and a very steady and attentive officer (J Child)

NA Rail 845/22

LMA ACC 2423/001

1.5.1881

William Pallett

Lock keeper

Seized with a fit, which was succeeded by others, and he died on Tuesday morning (3rd May). He was a very good and efficient lock keeper and had been in our employ about 15 years.  He leaves a widow and one daughter. (J Child)

NA Rail 845/22

LMA ACC 2423/001

4.4.1881

Charles Blain (36)

Water Bailiff Lee Conservancy

Louisa

River Lee Office, Lee Cut

Lo/Bromley St Leonard/1/45

4.4.1881

William Pallett (41)

Lock keeper

Elizabeth

1, Lee Cottages, Lee Cut

Lo/Bromley St Leonard/1/45

4.4.1881

John Calley (40)

Inspector for Lea Conservancy

Lydia

2, Lee Cottages, Lee Cut

Lo/Bromley St Leonard/1/45

27.4.1877 “ at Thames Police Court, James Langfield had been sentenced to fourteen days hard labour for assaulting William Pallett the Lock keeper at Bow”  (NA Rail 845/21)

2.4.1871

John Calley (32)

Inspector of the River Lea

Lydia

No 1 George St

Lo/Bromley St Leonards/7/19

9.2.1870

Charles Blain

Collector

Recorded as collector at 35/- per week

NA Rail 845/17

11.1.1868

Drummond #

 

35/- per week

NA Rail 845/16

12.10.1867

Drummond #

 

Wages raised from 30/- to 32/- per week

NA Rail 845/16

12.10.1867

Charles Blain

Lock keeper at Bromley Lock

Made sub-collector at 28/- per week

NA Rail 845/16

24.8.1867 "That it is desirable that a change of Collectors at Limehouse and Old Ford should be made as an experiment and that John Chamberlain should be removed to Old Ford Lock and Frederic Drummond should be removed to Limehouse Lock for twelve months and that the use of  the Trustee's Barge  should be granted to assist them in the removal of their goods

24.8.1867 John Chamberlain Collector of Tolls Appointed  at 28/- per week and a house on retirement of father Edward Chamberlain at Britannia Lock NA Rail 845/16

8.4.1861

James Humphrys (60)

Lock keeper

Charlotte

St Leonards St, East Side, Lock Cottages No 61

Mx/Bromley St Leonard/21/13

8.4.1861

John Chamberlain (39)

Tolls Collector, River Lea

Emma

St Leonards St, East Side, Lock Cottages No 62

Mx/Bromley St Leonard/21/13

15.3.1860 John Chamberlain "I think that 3/- per week might be added to (his) salary on the understanding that he should if necessary undertake the entire collection of everything below Enfield Lock (up to Ponders End) and that he becomes the responsible collector for Limehouse as well as Bromley when his father shall finally retire.  (See Edward Chamberlain at Limehouse) The father is the oldest servant of the Trustees and requires rest altho' he wishes to reside and superintend.  I think it will not be extravagant to allow him in future 12/- per week to find his own assistant until he may wish to retire absolutely" N Beardmore NA Rail 845/15

17.11.1855

James Humphreys

Lock keeper

£1 per week.  Bow Tide Gates  and new Bromley Lock.

NA Rail 845/14

 

21.10.1854

 

James Humphreys Lock keeper £1 per week NA Rail 845/14
21.10.1854 John Chamberlain Collector £1. 8. 0 per week NA Rail 845/14
17.12.1853 John Chamberlain ...wages be increased from 1 guinea to 28/- per week in consequence of additional duties imposed upon him as Collector at the New Lock and Wharves at Bow Creek and Bromley NA Rail 845/14

30.3.1851

James Humphreys (50)

Lockman Bromley Locks River Lea Co

Charlotte

Locks Cottage No 4

Mx/Bromley St Leonard/2o/22

30.3.1851

John Chamberlain (28)

Collector of Tolls for the River Lea Bromley Locks

Emma

Four Mills Cottage*

Mx/Bromley St Leonard/2o/21

Letter  of 13th September 1850 to James Griggs the Surveyor, following the acquisition  of Four Mills by the Trustees: “ Sir, The Mill Cottage being now empty and much more convenient for a lock house, I shall feel greatly obliged if you will allow me to remove into it.  As the one I now live in is at least four feet below the level of the surrounding premises and from the circumstance of there being no less than seven privies bordering a little yard of about eighteen feet by eight feet, the stench arising from them is unbearable and frequently after rain, the soil runs through the walls which makes it very unhealthy for my family, the children being continually ill.  Trusting you will grant me this favour I remain, Sir, your most obedient servant.  John Chamberlain”  It is gratifying to know that on 17th September 1850, his request was granted.

21.10.1845

John Chamberlain

Lock keeper

Appointed

NA Rail 845/12

21.10.1845

Henry Barker

Lock keeper at Bromley

Dismissed

NA Rail 845/12

7.6.1841

 

 

 

 

No census record

10.2.1841

William Henry Barker

Lock keeper at Bromley

Appointed in place of his father

NA Rail 845/12

10.12.1841

Thomas Clement Barker

Lock keeper  at Bromley

Retired due to ill health

NA Rail 845/12

2.7.1825

Thomas Barker

Collector

Appointed ex Lee Bridge

NA Rail 845/9

2.7.1825

Joseph Cadmore

Collector

To be removed

NA Rail 845/9

19.4.1825

Edward Chamberlain

Collector of Tolls

Appointed at Bromley

NA Rail 845/9

12.6.1823

Joseph Cadmore

Collector

Appointed in room of late father

NA Rail 845/9

25.1.1816

Joseph Cadmore

Collector

Appointed in room of father

NA Rail 845/9

25.1.1816

William Cadmore

Collector

Deceased

NA Rail 845/9

15.8.1792

William Cadmore

Collector

Appointed

NA Rail 845/6

15.8.1792

Thomas Foster

Collector

Resigned

NA Rail 845/6

23.2.1791 *Nathaniel Humfrey Receiver of Tolls Of Ware, Appointed NA Rail 845/52
23.2.1791 "...a Receiver of Tolls from the Collectors be now appointed...and that such Officer be paid Two Pence in the Pound for such receipts as a satisfaction for his trouble and expence therein" (NA Rail 845/52)

14.7.1791 Thomas Foster,  “on his prayer be permitted to continue Collector of the Tolls at Bromley he having resigned the said office at the last meeting”  (NA Rail 845/6)

9.2.1791

Thomas Foster

Collector

Appointed

NA Rail 845/6

9.2.1791

William Woodward

Collector

Discharged on account of his not having made up his accounts

NA Rail 845/52

 

 

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