Carthagena Lock
 
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CARTHAGENA LOCK

 

Lock

State

Date

Length

Length - Working Distance

Width

Fall

Removed or bypassed

Carthagena Turnpike

Built

1741

~

~

18' 0''

 

1767

Carthagena Lock

Built

1767

     

3' 0''

1833

Carthagena Lock

Rebuilt

1827

   

13' 7''

4' 11''

1922

Carthagena Lock (Brick and timber)

Report

1917

   

13' 7''

   

Carthagena Lock

Rebuilt

1922

90' 0''

87' 0''

16' 0''

5' 0''

 

 

This was built as a turnpike in 1741 and rebuilt as a pound lock in 1767 or 1768 in Broxbourne Gull, which was an existing flood channel separate from but roughly parallel to Broxbourne Mill Stream.  It is not a man-made channel, although it may have been improved over the years.  The map below shows the Gull and the location of Cartagena turnpike sometime soon after 1741.

Undated map Hertford Archives ref B479

All turnpikes and navigable weirs were flash locks, providing a flash of surging water to aid the passage of boats and barges.  However, turnpikes (on the Lee, anyway), were built for the express purpose of aiding navigation, whereas the other weirs had their own primary purpose of penning water for the miller or trapping fish. Surviving drawings show that turnpikes on the Lee were built with guillotine gates; weirs were built with removable boards.

26.6.1742 " Upon Complaint this day made unto this Court by Edward Want Servant to Mr John ffrench Occupier of Broxbourne Mills in the said County of Hertford and keeper of the Turnpike lately erected in Broxbourne Gull near the said Mills.  That as the said Edward Want was at the said Turnpike house looking after the same by the Order and direction of the said John ffrench on the twenty ninth day of April last George Roberts of Ware..., Thomas Salmon of the same and William Wheatley of the same Bargemen Did in a riotous manner come to the said Turnpike house and did then and there Assault and beat him the said Edward Want.  It is ordered by the Court that the said George Roberts, Thomas Salmon and William Wheatley do severally personally appear before the said Commissioners at their next Court of Sewers...to answer the said Complaint." (NA Rail 845/53)  Unfortunately, there is no further mention of this in the Minutes.

On 3.11.1779, it was ordered that “ Mr Edgerly who now proposed to build the half Lock near Carthagena Lock and repair that Lock (the Surveyor not having repaired the same according to a former order of this Trust) according to Mr Whitworth’s Plan and particular and his own proposal and estimate for the same. Do build such Half Lock and repair Carthagena Lock under the Inspection and to the approbation of Mr Whitworth the Engineer for this Trust for the sum of £152.” (NA Rail 845/5).  However, a week later Mr Edgerly was ordered "to suspend such work until further order of the Trust...(NA Rail 845/51)

On 12.1.1780 it was “Resolved that the following Locks be repaired with all convenient speed Viz. … Carthagena Lock, The Aqueduct Lock at Cheshunt Millstream, Waltham Lock, Rammey Mead Lock, Enfield Lock, Enfield Half Lock, Piggotts Lock, Cooks Lock, Boltons Lock, Stonebridge Lock, Tottenham Lock, Lee Bridge Half Lock, Hackney Marsh Brick Cistern Lock And It Is Ordered that the Surveyor do repair the same as he shall find them absolutely necessary” (NA Rail 845/5)

On 15.7.1799 the minutes recorded that “Carthagena was to be rebuilt during a two-week stoppage” (NA Rail 845/7)  .  On 21.6.1825 “a new lock was to be prepared”. ( NA Rail 845/9)

The lock was rebuilt in 1827.  On 17.4.1852 "resolved that a new Lock house be erected at Carthagena Lock...but without a pigstye .” (NA Rail 845/14). 

20.8.1853 "The winter floods have cut into the sharp turn of the river below Broxbourne Bridge and thus carried away the towing path.. The most beneficial and cheapest plan in the end would be to make a new cut and Towing Path across Mr Bosanquet's field...the cost would be £300 against £200 for repairs....(Mr Bosanquet would) be happy to...give ... the necessary land.  This will be a better improvement than the great cut across Nazeing Marsh (see map above) authorised by the Act of 1850 which would cost £4000".Nathaniel Beardmore (NA Rail 845/14)

On 26.10.1877, it was recommended that “the roof be taken off (the lock house) and two bedrooms built on top – new windows – boarded floors to be placed over present concrete ones downstairs.  Earth closet to be provided.  Some of the elder trees  and the old fence in front to be cut down” (NA Rail 845/21)  Although plans were drawn up (see below),  the improvements were never made.   

LMA ACC 2423/P042

A survey made in November 1878 shows the layout of the lock and weir, showing the old lockhouse , illustrated in the photograph above.                                                                     

LMA ACC 2423/P341

On 20.4.1883, the unaltered lock house was insured for £100 (NA Rail 845/23).

On 14.11.1884, Mr Child, the Engineer, reported "The sanitary arrangements at this lock have been carried out and I am having the lockhouse thoroughly repaired and when completed it will be as commodious and comfortable as can be required"  (NMA ACC 2423/002)

In 1920, C Lambert was offered post of lock keeper and accepted it but after his wife had seen the cottage she would not allow him to take it.   (LMA ACC 2423/018)                                                                                     

At the meeting of 19.7.1935, it was recorded that W J Hayward (of Hoddesdon), was the successful tenderer for a new house at a price of £647.16.11.  (NA Rail 845/119)

LMA ACC 2423/P2674

On 1.2.1936 the new lock house was “complete and ready” at a final cost of £800. This building is the same as the house at the lock today, with the exception of having had another wing added.

LMA ACC 2423/P1892

 

 The site plan for the new lock built in 1922, showing the outline of the old lock keeper's house, some of which still remains.

 

The origin of the name

Like Portobello Lock at Ware, Carthagena Turnpike was named to commemorate a battle in the War of Jenkins' Ear.   Portobello Lock  marks the victory in 1739 of the capture of Puerto Bello in Panama.

                                              

Carthagena Lock however, marks the defeat of Admiral Vernon and the British Navy when they retired from the siege of Cartagena in Spanish Columbia after four weeks of intense artillery barrage in April 1741.  Although they occupied the Fort of San Miguel on the mainland they never succeeded in taking the town. On a statue outside the fort, Don Blas, the Spanish leader, is portrayed with only one eye, one arm and one leg, injuries sustained in a lifetime of fighting.  The plaques on each side are an ironic display of reproductions of two victory coins prematurely struck by the British

Carthagena Lock

Census/Date

Name

Title

Wife

Location given by enumerator/Comments

Source Reference

9.1974 -2009 Peter Brill Lock Keeper    
10.12.1956 -1974 Arthur Ernest White Lock keeper Appointed at £7.14.11 plus 5/- on call allowance (emigrated to South Africa) LCB Records
9.6.1948 E W Thompson Lock keeper to £5.5.0.; To £5.7.0 on 2.8.1950;  Retired 16.11.1956 LCB Records

23.1.1941

Ernest Wilfred Thompson (52)

Lock keeper

Appointed at £1.13.0 plus war bonus of 5/-  per week with house and uniform

NA Rail 845/125

10.1.1941

C Vent

Lock keeper

Resigned due to ill health.  Wages were £1.16.3. per week.

NA Rail 845/125

10.1.1941 A medical certificate from Vent’s doctor states “that he has inspected the lock-house and found it in such a damp condition that it is unfit for habitation”  The Engineer is to look into the question of remedying the defects

1.4.1938

C Vent

Lock keeper

£1.11.0 to £1.13.0

NA Rail 845/122

1.4.1937

C Vent

Lock keeper

£1.10s to £1.11s (inc house and garden)

NA Rail 845/121

24.5.1935

H J Campkin (67)

Lock keeper

Retired after 14 years service, no longer fit for work. Pension of 6/6 per week

16.8.1939 Died aged 71

NA Rail 845/119

 

NA Rail 845/123

23.7.1920

H J Campkin

Lock keeper

Plus 5/- per week for looking after weir as well as lock

NA Rail 845/47

17.9.1920

H J Campkin (50)

Lock keeper

“an old bargeman” appointed

NA Rail 845/47

17.9.1920 C Lambert Offered post and accepted it but after his wife had seen the cottage she would not allow him to take it. LMA ACC 2423/018

3.7.1920

T Galloway (64)

Lock keeper

Died this day.  Employed by the Board since 30.9.1898 (actually 18.5.1895)  Leaves a widow aged 55, married 8 years and 7 months  Granted a gratuity of £15

NA Rail 845/47

14.11.1919

T Galloway

Lock keeper

27/- + house, garden, and uniform

NA Rail 845/46

15.2.1918

T Galloway

Lock keeper

22/- per week

NA Rail 845/66

1.12.1916

T Galloway

Lock keeper

£2 war bonus

NA Rail 845/43

4.3.1915

T Galloway

Lock keeper

+2/- per week

NA Rail 845/42

28.2.1913

T Galloway

Lock keeper

 Wages increased by 1/- per week

NA Rail 845/40

2.4.1911 Andrew T Galloway (53) Lock keeper ~ Carthagena Lock, Nazeing, Waltham Cross RG14PN9787 RG78PN516 RD189 SD2 ED7 SN90

31.3.1901

Thomas A Galloway (43)

Lock keeper

~

Carthagena Lock

Nazeing/11/4

30.9.1898

Thomas Galloway

Lock keeper

"...has been for about 3 years past attending to the lock for Charville, for which the Board allowed him 5/- per week. He is a steady man and I would suggest we give him a trial at 16/- per week"

NA Rail 845/29 & LMA ACC 2423/006

27.9.1898

Charles Charville

Lock keeper

...the death of Charles Charville...who for the past 20 years has been the Lock keeper at Carthagena Lock. His sister, the widow of old Brimsden the former lock keeper has been living with him since the death of her husband, she is very old and infirm and should be taken care of.

NA Rail 845/29 & LMA ACC 2423/006

17.5.1895  “Mrs Brimsden, sister to Charville and widow of J Brimsden the former Lock keeper there be allowed 5/- per week…on the condition that she is allowed to live in the cottage”  (NA Rail 845/28).  Mrs Emma Brimsden, died, aged 87,reported 6.4.1906 (NA Rail 845/32)

5.4.1891

Charles Charvill (71)

Lock keeper

~

Lockhouse (nr Crown Hotel)

Nazeing/10/4

5.4.1891

William Galloway (29)

Asst Lock keeper

~

Lockhouse (nr Crown Hotel)

Nazeing/10/4

12.10.1888

Charvil

Lock keeper

* See below

NA Rail 845/25

* “A memorial numerously signed by Traders and Bargemasters on the River and many residents in Broxbourne and the neighbourhood, praying the Board to reconsider their Resolution with regard to Charvil and his sister of Carthagena Lock, having been read and considered: it was resolved that the Resolution be suspended for six months and the notice to Charvil to leave be removed, and that the Clerk inform him that if he does not attend to his duties in future satisfactorily he will be dismissed immediately”

13.8.1888

 Charvill

Lock keeper

 Given a month’s notice to quit plus one months wages also his sister  ______Brimsden be granted allowance of 7/-per week during the pleasure of the board, in consideration of  lengthened service of her late husband William Brimsden, formerly Lock keeper there

NA Rail 845/25

20.7.1888

Charvil

Lock keeper

Notice to quit. Sister (Widow Brimsden) given pension of 7/- per week

NA Rail 845/25

20.4.1883

C. Charvill

Lock keeper

 Served 5 years,  18/- per week

NA Rail 845/23

4.4.1881

Charles Charvill (60)

Lock keeper

~

Carthagena Weir

Nazeing/10/7

21.4.1877

William Charvill

Lock keeper

Appointed  at 18/- per week it being understood that he will keep the widow (his sister) of the late William Brimsden there

NA Rail 845/21

2.4.1871

William Brimsden (65)

Lock keeper

~

River Lee

Nazeing/10/11

22.2.1871

William Brimsden (66)

"...and has just lost the entire sight of one eye and although he may be strong enough to work the lock this partial loss of sight may render his occupation dangerous...The Board..... may grant him a pension "

NA Rail 845/18

8.4.1861

William Brimsden (55)

Lock keeper

~

Nazeing Mead 

Nazeing/10/11

17.11.1855

William Brimsden

Lock keeper

18/- per week. Also carpenter from Carthagena to Dobbs Weir

NA Rail 845/14

21.10.1854 William Brimsden Lock keeper 18/- per week NA Rail 845/14

22.11.1851

William Brimsden

Lock keeper

Appointed at 18/- per week on Cundall’s resignation.  For taking care of the lock and Tumbling Bay and also for keeping in repair the Navigation from Dobbs Weir to Kings Weir

NA Rail 845/14

30.3.1851

William Cundall (39)

Lock keeper

Ann

Nazing River Lee bank

Nazeing/6b/9

7.6.1841

William Cundall (25)

Lock keeper

Ann

Nazeing Mead (nr Meadgate)

Nazeing/7/5

16.10.1838

William Cundall

Lock keeper

Ex Kings Weir to replace Catlin

NA Rail 845/11

18.9.1838

William Catlin

Lock keeper

Deceased

NA Rail 845/11

16.8.1831

William Catlin

Lock keeper

Ex Kings Weir

NA Rail 845/10

19.7.1831

William Watts

Lock keeper

Retired

NA Rail 845/10

24.2.1814

William Watts

Lock keeper

Appointed

NA Rail 845/8

28.4.1814 “that Joseph Chossey…lost his life in discharge of his Duty And the Clerk having reported that no precedent appears that any remuneration has ever been made for such a loss to the Family of any Servant of this Trust.  It is now resolved …that the Widow of the deceased be relieved by an allowance of ten pounds a year…  (NA Rail 845/8)

24.2.1814

Joseph Jossee

Lock keeper

Deceased

NA Rail 845/8

28.9.1796

Joseph (John) Chossey

Walksman & Lock keeper

Appointed

NA Rail 845/7

28.9.1796 Richard Brett Walksman and Lock keeper Discharged NA Rail 845/7
26.5.1742 Edward Want Turnpike keeper Assaulted (see above at head of page) NA Rail 845/53
 

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This site was last updated 06-May-2014