Stanstead Lock

 

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STANSTEAD LOCK

 

 

 

Lock State Date Length Length - Working Distance Width Fall Removed or bypassed
Stanstead Turnpike Built 1743 ~ ~ 15' 0'' 6' 9'' c1767
Stanstead Weir Extant 1725 ~ ~   3' 6'' c1767
Stanstead Old Lock Built 1767         1857
Stanstead Lock (Brick) Report 1917     16' 0''    
Stanstead Lock (in present position) Built 1857 89' 0'' 85' 0'' 16' 0'' 8' 4''  

30.4.1746  "Whereas it appears to the Trustees...it will be a great convenience to the Navigation...to have a Man constantly to attend and lye at the Turnpike House...for the Expediting the Passage of Boats and barges thro' the said Turnpike and for preventing the Turnpike being broke open or otherwise misused.  It is therefore ordered that a Lodging Room be Erected built and made over the said Turnpike....with a chimney in it at an Expence not exceeding the sum of Twelve Pounds." (NA Rail 845/1)

 

6.7.1791 "Ordered that Amwell Marsh and Leak's Locks be repaired" (NA Rail 845/52)

 

 

             LMA ACC 2423/P1472

 

 

As part of the improvements authorised by the 1850 Act,   Stanstead new lock was completed in September 1857, replacing Amwell Marsh Lock above and the old Stanstead Weir and Lock of 1767 below the Stanstead Abbotts road bridge to the south, and which was known for a short time as Leak’s Lock.

 

            LMA ACC 2423/P588

 

 LMA ACC 2423/P905

 

The Stanstead lock house (shown on the plan above as "Lockman's House at New Amwell Marsh Lock, June 1858") was not completed until 21.4.1859.  It was recommended on 26.10.1877 that “wooden floors be placed on the present concrete ones” and on 20.4.1883, the lock house was insured for £150 (NA Rail 845/23)

 

22.1.1886 "Stanstead Lockhouse - This house was in bad condition and its sanitary arrangements very objectionable.  I have had a new W.C. built and the old one which drained into the river, entirely removed" (J Child) (LMA ACC 2423/002)

 

11.11.1898 ...the present house has only one story with concrete floors for all the rooms. I propose to lift the roof 2' 6'' and build up under it in brickwork and form 2 bedrooms up stairs..  This could be done for about £120 - As the present house must be repaired, I think it would be wise to improve it at the same time.

9.12.1898 I have again examined this house and had some of the brickwork cut away to ascertain if any damp proof course existed, but found none.  The walls are built in cement as far as the ground floor line and the upper portion in lime mortar.  To cut away the walls and insert a 3'' perforated damp course would cost about £30, which in addition to the other alterations would make a total of about £180.To build a new house with 14" walls and three bedrooms upstairs, similar to the ones recently erected at Aqueduct and Waltham Common Locks would cost with foundations about £350.  The Chairman, as requested by the board kindly met me at Stanstead Lock on the.......and examined the cottage and will give you some valuable advice as to what should be done" - C Tween (LMA ACC 2423/006)

 

LMA ACC 2423/P/89

 

28.4.1899 We are now putting in the foundations for the new Lockhouse at Stanstead Lock....  We had to go down 12 feet for a firm bottom. - C Tween (LMA ACC 2423/006)

The  lock house was built at a cost of £345 by F Hitch of Ware - C Tween (LMA ACC 2423/006)

 

 

On 15.9.1899 it was reported "I have had a 2" tube well driven for a water supply to this cottage.  The pipes were driven 44 feet into the chalk and yields a good supply.  The cost with Pump complete is £6" - C Tween (LMA ACC 2423/007)

 

LMA ACC 2423/P044

 

 

The house eventually erected at Stanstead was built using the plan prepared (and used) to build the lock house at Waltham Common.  It was simply updated by pasting the new name over the original.

 

11.5.1900 The Lock keeper is in the new Lock house and the old one has been demolished; and the fence will be completed next week - C Tween (LMA ACC 2423/028)

 

Stanstead Lock, c1910

 

Stanstead Lock

 

 

Census/Date

Name

Title

Wife

Location given by enumerator/Comments

Source Reference

1977 - 1987 Bill White Lock keeper Moved from South Mill Lock. Moved to Feildes Weir Lock Carol Byatt
1974 - 1977 Bill Newton Lock keeper Moved from Aqueduct Lock. Moved to Kings Weir  
9.6.1948 H W Hughes Lock keeper £4.15.0.  (Last recorded r.o.p. £7.14.11 n.d.) LCB Records

4.1.1936

H W Hughes

Lock keeper

27/- to 29/-

NA Rail 845/122

8.11.1935

G Drage (67)

Lock keeper

Retired after 16 years service. Pension 7/- per week

NA Rail 845/119

NA Rail 845/120

17.9.1920

George Drage (52)

Lock keeper

One of the Board’s employees, appointed

NA Rail 845/47

23.7.1920 The late J Thickings was a widower and his son with wife and family lived with him.  It is necessary that notice to quit be given to Thickings junior LMA ACC 2423/018

7.7.1920

Thickings (76)

Lock keeper

Died this day. 

NA Rail 845/47

14.11.1919

Jas.  Thickings

Lock keeper

27/- + house, garden, and uniform

NA Rail 845/46

15.2.1918

J Thickings

Lock keeper

22/- per week

NA Rail 845/66

1.12.1916

J Thickings

Lock keeper

£2 war bonus

NA Rail 845/43

4.3.1915

J Thickings

Lock keeper

+2/- per week

NA Rail 845/42

28.2.1913

J Thickings

Lock keeper

 Wages increased by 1/- per week

NA Rail 845/40

2.4.1911 James Thickings (66) Sock keeper (sic) Lucy Stanstead Lock Ho RG14PN7464 RG78PN361 RD133 SD1 ED2 SN88

14.11.1902

Thomas  Thickings (56)

Lock keeper

Of Bishops Stortford.  Appointed

NA Rail 845/30

31.3.1901

Daniel Chapman (35)

Lock keeper

Ann

Lock House

Great Amwell/8/1

11.11.1898  "The Lock keeper , J Reeve, who was spoken to on the Survey because his lock was in such an untidy condition, has left his situation;  I have placed one of our men there temporarily."  C Tween -  LMA ACC 2423/006

5.4.1891

James Reeve (45)

Lock keeper

Edna

Stanstead Lockhouse

Great Amwell/6/1

28.5.1886

James Reeve

Lock keeper

Appointed

NA Rail 845/23

16.10.1885

H Wilkins

Lock keeper

 Drowned 1885.

"in consequence of his accidentally falling into the lock on Monday night last (the 12th).  It will be remembered that the last Lock keeper at this lock met his death in a precisely similar manner about 6 years ago" (J Child)

NA Rail 845/23

LMA ACC 2423/002

13.7.1883 “A complaint was made….of Wilkins…..being constantly absent from his duties – having been previously admonished the Clerk was directed to give him notice that should it occur again he will be summarily dismissed. (NA Rail 845/23)

20.4.1883

H Wilkins

Lock keeper

3 year’s service, 16/- per week

NA Rail 845/23

4.4.1881

Henry Wilkins (49)

Lock keeper

Elizabeth

St. Margarets, Stanstead Lock

Great Amwell/5/55

23.6.1880

Henry Wilkins

Lock keeper

Appointed

NA Rail 845/22

21.11.1879

Edward Kadwell

Lock keeper

 * see below

NA Rail 845/22

* Edward Kadwell , Lock keeper, was drowned after falling while crossing foot plank on the gates on a dark night. The Engineer to report on fixing a handrail to the gate.  5.12.1879 £20 paid to his widow.

9.6.1871

Edward Kadwell

Lock keeper

Appointed at 13/6 per week

NA Rail 845/18

9.6.1871

John Smith

Lock keeper

Transferred to Hertford at 13/6/per week

NA Rail 845/18

2.4.1871

John W Smith  (60)

Lock keeper

Ann

Lockhouse (nr Pratts Cottage)

Great Amwell/5/51

19.10.1870  Smith was reprimanded for having allowed the slackers to be drawn before the gates were shut and not reporting the bargemen. (NA Rail 845/17)

8.4.1861

John W Smith (50)

Lock keeper

Ann

Lock House (nr Amwell Marsh)

Great Amwell/5/33

19.4.1860

J Smith

Lock keeper

6d less wages per week due to provision of garden

NA Rail 845/15

21.4.1859

Smith

Lock keeper

Transferred from Ware Tumbling Bay

NA Rail 845/15

 

Stanstead Old Lock

 

17.10.1857

Christopher Chamberlain

Lock keeper

Services no longer required. "That he be placed on the Superannuation List at 10/- per week without a house or six shillings a week with a house"

NA Rail 845/14

17.11.1855

Christopher Chamberlain

Lock keeper

18/- per week. Also carpenter from Fieldes Weir to Hertford

NA Rail 845/14

21.10.1854 Christopher Chamberlain Lock keeper 18/- per week NA Rail 845/14

17.8.1830

Christopher Chamberlain

Lock keeper

Appointed

NA Rail 845/10

20.7.1830

Thomas Cundall

Lock keeper

Dismissed

NA Rail 845/10

16.9.1828

Thomas Cundall

Lock keeper

Appointed

NA Rail 845/10

18.3.1780

Thomas Phipp

Walksman

Employed but without building a cottage for him

NA Rail 845/5

26.7.1776

Phipp

 

Looking after Stansted Bay and Lock £12 pa

NA Rail 845/5

 

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This site was last updated 06-May-2014