Feilde's Weir Lock

 

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FEILDE’S WEIR LOCK

Lock State Date Length Length - Working Distance Width Fall Removed or bypassed
Mr Field's Lower Weir Extant  1725 ~ ~   3' 6'' 1767
Mr Archer's Weir Extant  1725 ~   1' 0'' 1767
Feildes Weir Lock Built 1767     13' 5'' 3' 8'' 1922
Feildes Weir Lock Report 1917     13' 5''    
Feildes Weir Lock Rebuilt 1922 90' 0'' 87' 0'' 16' 0'' 3' 7''  

 

 

The lock was built to replace the falls of both Mr Field’s Weir and Mr Archer’s Weir following the 1767 Act of Parliament which started the upgrading of the Lee Navigation.

 

William Whittenbury’s map of 1741 records the spelling as F.I.E.L.D, and this spelling was still in place as late as 1904 when it is shown on the official Lee Conservancy Map signed by Charles Tween, the Conservancy Engineer.  However, in 1917, Mr Tween put his signature to a document listing the Lee locks and showing F.E.I.L.D.E’S Weir Lock.  But just to confuse matters, when a detailed survey of the Lee was carried out in 1849, it was shown as F.E.I.L.D.E’S.  Take your pick.  (Just to add to the confusion, Rennie in 1804 recorded it as Crook’s Lock and a map of 1838 shows Crane's Lock - the name of the, then, lock keeper)

 

 

In the surveys from 1792 it is recorded as Fields, Field’s, Fielde’s and Feildes – all within the first eight years.

 

 

So who was/were the doubly eponymous Mr Field/Feilde?  Mr Field was a local landowner whose name recurs on the early maps.

 

William Feilde is recorded as the owner of Stanstead Mill between 1739 and 1762 and he was one of the original Trustees of the river when it was administered by the River Lee Trust between 1739 and 1868.  He died in 1762. 

 

 

Paul ffielde is recorded in the Minute Book on 7.2.1771 as the owner of the Weir, but he appears as Paul ffeilde in a later entry on 1.7. 1782. (The "ff" was the old way of writing a capital "f".)

 

 

Field’s/Feilde’s Weir Lock was also “unofficially” known as Rattie’s Lock, named after Samuel Rattee, the Lock keeper there for 37 years from 1841 until he died on 8th November 1878.  His name is phonetically perpetuated in the name of the road which leads from Hoddesdon to the lock – Ratty’s Lane.

 

 

 

 

LMA ACC 2423/P853

 

 

 

The plan to the left, drawn in 1855, shows the old lock house.   On 26.10.1877, it was considered that “the house, though kept very clean, is damp and unfit for habitation and they recommend that a new house be built facing the lock, and the present structure be pulled down” (NA Rail 845/21)

 

 

 

 

 

LMA ACC 2423/P343

 

20.4.1883 The new lock house was insured for £250 (NA Rail 845/23)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The "present structure" was not pulled down, as can be seen from the postcard below,

 

 

The survey taken in 1878, shows the layout of Feildes Weir. The Stort enters top centre.  The long loop between the Lock and Weir and the Great Eastern Railway bridge, carrying the London to Cambridge line, was filled in and replaced with a straighter channel in the 1970s. The old towpath is still marked by the line of the fence.

 

LMA ACC 2423/P343

 

 

The postcard to the left shows Feilde’s Weir Lock in about 1920, with the old lock house still standing!

 

 

 

The Conservancy lock house remains today, the fabric very much the same as when it was built, except for the addition of modern facilities. However, on 4th September 2011, it was for sale at £259,950 requiring "complete modernisation"

 

 

The lock chamber was rebuilt in 1922, to widen it from 13’ 5” to its present 16’. The site plan is below.

 

 

LMA ACC 2423/P1892

 

Feilde’s Weir Lock

Census/Date

Name

Title

Wife

Location given by enumerator/Comments

Source Reference

1987 - 2011 Bill White Lock & Weir Keeper moved from Stanstead Lock. (until retirement) Carol Byatt
5.1976 - 1987 Danny Ford Lock & Weir Keeper ex South Mill Lock, moved to Ponders End Lock  
1968- 5.1976 Bill White Lock and Weir keeper Appointed 1968. Moved to South Mill Lock Carol Byatt
13.4.1957 A R P Sherwood Lock and weir keeper £7.19.11 plus 5/- on call allowance

LCB Records

 

31.3.1957 Alfred Field Lock keeper Transferred to South Mill Lock M. Welsh
1951 Alfred Field Lock keeper £7.14.11.  Also "On call allowance of 5/- per week" LCB Records
9.6.1948 Alfred Field Lock keeper £5.2.6.  LCB Records

4.10.1947

Alfred Field

Lock keeper

Appointed ex Aqueduct Lock at £4.10.6

NA Rail 845/128

4.10.1947

W J Major

Lock keeper

Transferred to Enfield Lock

NA Rail 845/128

1.4.1938

W J Major

Lock keeper

£1.15.0 to £1.17.0

NA Rail 845/122

1.4.1937

W J Major

Lock keeper

£1.14s to £1.15s (inc house and garden)

NA Rail 845/121

23.6.1933

William James Major (42)

Lock keeper

Appointed at £1 14s per week with house and uniform ex Enfield

NA Rail 845

21.6.1933

S J Collett

Lock keeper

 Transferred to Enfield

 

LCB Records

24.6.1932

S J Collett

Lock keeper

Appointed ex Dredger hand at £1.14.0

LCB Records

27.5.1932

E. M. Weald (67)

Lock keeper

Died suddenly on 26.5.1932, after 35 years service. Left a widow and one son, who is tending the weir until a new man is appointed

NA Rail 845

31.10.1930

E M Weald (65)

Lock keeper

34 years service , 32/- per week and house.  Wife has no pension

NA Rail 845/114

16.2.1923

E M Weald

Lock keeper

Appointed ex Brick Lock

NA Rail 845/107

16.2.1923

Thomas Martin (72)

Lock keeper

Resignation due to ill health. 23 years service.  Pension 8/- per week

16.2.1934 Died

NA Rail 845/107

 

NA Rail 845/118

27.3.1920

T Martin

Lock keeper

Plus 5/- per week for looking after weir as well as lock

NA Rail 845/47

14.11.1919

T Martin

Lock keeper

27/- + house, garden, and uniform

NA Rail 845/46

15.2.1918

T Martin

Lock keeper

22/- per week                    

NA Rail 845/66

1.12.1916

T Martin

Lock keeper

£2 war bonus

NA Rail 845/43

4.3.1915

T Martin

Lock keeper

+2/- per week

NA Rail 845/42

28.2.1913

T Martin

Lock keeper

 Wages increased by 1/- per week

NA Rail 845/40

17.1.1913

T Martin

Lock keeper

Slipped and broke small bone in ankle on 24.10.1912, hopes to resume duty next week.  Paid full wages during off duty time.

NA Rail 845/40

2.4.1911 Thomas Martin (60) Lock keeper Hannah Fields Weir Lock House, Hoddesdon RG14PN7468 RG78PN361 RD133 SD1 ED6 SN294

4.12.1903

Thomas Martin

Lock keeper

Paid £9 per annum for recording gaugings every 8 hours

NA Rail 845/31

31.3.1901

Thomas Martin (50)

Lock keeper

Hannah

Fieldes Weir Lock, Essex Road

Hoddesdon/4/

15.9.1899

Thomas Martin

Lock keeper

Appointed - see below

NA Rail 845/29

15.9.1899...I have found a suitable man to fill the vacancy in Thomas Martin, who has been employed for the past 20 years a Barge Builder at Ware Barge Docks, he is 47 years of age and a good scholar.  He has been used to the management of Ware Weir, and also thoroughly understands the working of Locks &c., He will take duty on Monday next, when I shall instruct him as to gauging water etc. -  C Tween (LMA ACC 2423/006)

15.9.1899

Thomas Bradfield

Lock keeper

Deceased. Widow be allowed 7/- per week

NA Rail 845/29

15.9.1899 ...to have to report the death of Thomas Bradfield, who has been lock keeper and water gauger ...for the last 19 years and was an excellent servant. He leaves a widow aged 52 years and two sons who are apprenticed to us, one as a Carpenter and the other Blacksmith; she asks if the Board will kindly consider her case. I may mention that in similar cases the widow has been granted 7/- per week during the pleasure of the Board...- C Tween (LMA ACC 2423/006) 

5.4.1891

Thomas Bradfield (41)

Lock keeper

Annie

Lock house Essex Rd (nr Railway Junction House)

Hoddesdon/5/1

20.4.1883

T J Bradfield

Lock keeper

4 years service, 16/- per week

NA Rail 845/23

4.4.1881

Thomas J Bradfield (32)

Lock keeper

Annie

Lock house (Ratteys Lock in summary)

Broxbourne/4/55

18.7.1879

Thomas Bradfield

Lock keeper

Appointed at 16/- per week

NA Rail 845/21

20.12.1878  A Bill for the funeral of Samuel Rattee, late Lock keeper at Fielde’s Weir was laid before the meeting, and, it was resolved, that the board cannot pay such an account (NA Rail 845/21)

Nov. 1878

Samuel Rattee (70)

Lock keeper

 Died after 37 years at the lock (Appointed 1841).  Pension of 7/- a week to his wife (who died 25.4.1890)

NA Rail 845/21           NA Rail 845/25

2.4.1871

Samuel Rattee (63)

Lock keeper

Jane

Fields Weir Lock House (Ratteys Lock in summary)

Broxbourne/4/38

8.3.1871 Motion of Mr Hunt as to the conduct of the Lock keeper of  Feilde’s Weir:

“That the conduct of Ratty (sic) the Lockman at Feilde’s Weir be inquired into” and “reading a letter from Mr Teale of Rye House dated the 18th instant stating that Ratty was continually annoying his fishing customers by preventing them from fishing off the piece of land there the property of the Board, and by giving permission to strangers to trespass on his fishing rights” It was resolved that the Engineer make inquiries into the conduct of Ratty and report thereon to the Board. It transpired that Ratty was acting under the Engineer’s instructions and had now been advised of the correct situation. (NA Rail 845/18)

8.4.1861

Samuel Rattee (52)

Lock keeper

Jane

Lock House Fields Weir (Rattys Lock in summary)

Broxbourne/4f/

19.4.1860

Samuel Rattee

Lock keeper

2/- less wages per week due to provision of garden

NA Rail 845/15

21.11.1855

Samuel Rattee

Lock keeper

16/- per week

NA Rail 845/14

21.10.1854

Samuel Rattee

Lock keeper

16/- per week

NA Rail 845/14

30.3.1851

Samuel Rattee(42)

Lock keeper

Jane

Lockhouse on River Lee (nr Rye Common)

Hoddesdon/3b/42

21.9.1841

Samuel Ratty

Lock keeper

Appointed in place of Jno Crane

NA Rail 845/12

17.8.1841

Jno. Crane

Lock keeper

Deceased

NA Rail 845/12

7.6.1841

John Crane (50)

Lock keeper

Pamela

Millers Lock (nr Rye Common)

Great Amwell/2/16

20.6.1826

John Crane*

Lock keeper

 

NA Rail 845/10

* 20.6.1826 Minute recording “It appearing unto this meeting that John Crane has for the last twenty two years acted as Lock keeper at the lock below Stanstead but has never been regularly appointed.  It is ordered that he be appointed Lock keeper at the said lock and have the benefit of the Superannuation Fund to which he has all along contributed”

1804 John Crane Lock keeper Appointed see above

25.11.1795

Amos Sheppard

Lock keeper

Appointed

NA Rail 845/7

25.11.1795

John Coleman

Lock keeper

“Left for a place on the Stort River”

NA Rail 845/7

 

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This site was last updated 06-May-2014